Copy of `Shipley - Glossary of bookselling and bibliographical terms`

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Shipley - Glossary of bookselling and bibliographical terms
Category: Hobbies and Crafts > bookselling
Date & country: 30/09/2007, UK
Words: 154


Oasis
A smooth African goatskin, tanned and dyed in the UK.

Oblong
Where a books height is exceeded by the width.

Octavo
(8vo) The most common of the traditional book formats, made up of sheets folded three times, giving eight leaves, or sixteen pages. see list of book sizes.

Offprint
A separately printed section of a book or publication, usually an individual article or essay.

Offsetting
A shadow of the print that has transferred to the facing page.

Pagination
The sequential numbering of pages.

Parchment
The dressed undersplit of sheepskin.

Parts
A once popular method of publishing, whereby a publication is issued in parts, intended to be bound together on completion.

Pastedown
see Endpaper.

Perfect Binding
A method of binding where the edge of loose sheets are dipped in adhesive and put in a cover, often in cheap paperbacks.

Plate
(i) An image printed separately from the text, often on different or higher quality paper. (ii) The printing plate from which an image is produced.

pp
Pages.

Prelims
Preliminaries. All the pages (including title page, contents etc) preceding the actual text.

Presentation Copy
A gift from the author, illustrator, editor or publisher, often signed or inscribed.

Private Press
A traditional hand press owned and operated in the interests of fine printing. Today used as a term for very small, independent publishers.

Quarter
A binding of which only the back strip or spine is of the specified material.

Quarto
(4to). A book, made up of sheets folded into quarters, (giving eight pages)

Quire
4 sheets of paper folded to form 8 leaves, as often found in medieval manuscripts. Sometimes used to denote a collection of 24 sheets.

Rebacked
Where the back strip or spine has been replaced.

Recto
The front of the leaf, the right hand side in an open volume. The back of this is the verso.

Remainder
Publishers overstocks, sold off at a discount.

Remboitage
Rebinding, but by using an old binding from another book.

Reserve
The price below which an auctioneer will not sell.

Roan
A thin sheepskin used for binding.

Rubricated
(i) Manuscript or early book with initials printed in red. (ii) Ruled in red for decoration.

Russia
A rich scented calf or cowhide, originating in Muscovy and popular in the 1800s.

Section
see Gathering

Sextodecimo
(16mo) Small format book made from sheets folded four times to give 16 leaves (32 pages)

Signature
A section of the book resulting in the folding of the printed sheets a number of times.

Slip Case
A (usually simple) open ended protective case.

Solander Box
Protective box carefully hinged to enable the contents to be viewed with the minimum of handling.

Spine
The part of the books cover or jacket that encloses its page fastening and usually faces outward on the shelf. Usually this displays the title, author's name and imprint.

Spiral Binding
A method of binding whereby a wire spiral is inserted through holes drilled into the margin of a sheet. This allows the volume to lie flat when opened. see Comb Binding.

Sprinkled
Patterned with small flecks or spots.

Square Bracketsb
[]. Used to denote information supplied by the cataloguer.

State
(i) Variations between the different copies of the same impression. (ii) successive stages of the evolution of a printing plate. (iii) Used, as in the physical appearance or condition.

Teg
Top edge gilt.

Ties
Tapes or ribbons for tying the volume closed.

Tipped in
Lightly fixed in along one edge only, most often refers to illustrations.

Tls
Typed letter, signed.

Tooling
Decoration applied with a hand tool.

Tree Calf
A highly polished calf binding with a distinctive tree-like wood veneer pattern.

Ts
Typescript.

Unbound
Never having been bound. As opposed to Disbound.

Upper-case
A typesetting term that simply means capital letters.

Variant
Copies of the same impression exhibiting unexplained variations.

Vellum
A highly durable treated calf skin of a natural creamy colour.

Verso
Back of the leaf. The left hand page in an open book. The front of the leaf is the recto.

Vignette
A small illustration enclosed in a formal or decorative border.

Vy
Various years.

Waf
With All Faults, sold 'as seen'.

Wraps
Paper covers.

Yapp
Style of binding with flaps that overlap the page edges. Named after the Victorian bookseller of that name, who in about 1860 made use of such a binding. Often he is attributed with the invention of this type of binding, however examples are known from the beginning of the seventeenth century.

Yellowbacks
Gaily coloured Victorian Books designed for display on railway bookstalls.