Copy of `Kens - dictionary of Computer Standards`

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Kens - dictionary of Computer Standards
Category: Technical and IT > Computer Standards
Date & country: 13/09/2007, USA
Words: 108

Video Card
A hardware device that requires bi-monthly driver updates.

Virtual Reality Modeling Language. 1. The quickest way to crash a Netscape browser. 2. A developing technology, developed to guarantee a continuing lack of Internet bandwidth.

White Paper
A scholarly paper discussing a state-of-the-art subject. 2. Marketing A commercial publication by a company attempting to appear conversant and competitive on a type of product a generation ahead of it's own.

Microsoft's unifying API, promoted to allow multiplatform development of applications. At the time of announcement, there were three incompatible versions of Win32.

1. A version of MS Windows that integrates 16 bit DOS device drivers, 24 bit memory management and 32 bit applications on 64 bit processors with 128 bit video cards. 2. An operating environment that promised an end to memory management problems, for which an entire range of third-party memory management programs is now available.

Windows for Workgroups
A version of MS Windows designed to be incompatible with previous LAN OS's, including LAN Manager. Also, a failed initiative to force hardware manufacturers to re-familiarize their programmers with device driver code before asking them to write a new generation of device drivers for Win95.

Windows NT
A version of MS Windows that provides Task Switching and no application memory protection layered over a multitasking, protected OS.

Yellow Pages
A system of network configuration files developed by Sun Microsystems and AT&T, extending the text-file setup concept of individual UNIX computers to UNIX LANs. The name was changed to NIS (Network Information System) because AT&T faced trademark problems with foreign TelCo's when marketing System V. NIS+, the latest version of YP, has largely been superceded by DNS, except for the local network password maintenance features.