Pharisees (fâr'isēz) , one of the two great Jewish religious and political parties of the second commonwealth. Their opponents were the Sadducees, and it appears that the Sadducees gave them their name, perushim, Hebrew for “separatists” or “deviants.” The Phar...
Found on http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0838694.html
The Pharisees (z) were at various times a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought in the Holy Land during the Second Temple period, beginning under the Hasmonean dynasty (140–37 BCE) in the wake of the Maccabean Revolt. After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, Pharisaic beliefs became the liturgical and ritualisti
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharisees
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